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世界上最著名的20座桥

时间:2012-11-01 19:04:57  来源:  作者:

1. 塔桥(英国伦敦)


Tower Bridge is one of the most famous landmarks in London and one of the world’s most recognisable bridges!
塔桥是伦敦最著名的风景之一,也是公认的世界上最好的桥之一。
2. Golden Gate Bridge (San Francisco, US)
2. 金门大桥(美国旧金山)


Completed in 1937 as the then longest suspension bridge in the world at a total length of 8,921ft, the Golden Gate Bridge is one of the most famous bridges in the world. Situated in San Francisco, the bridge was an enormous construction achievement at the time.
1937年完工,当时是世界上最长的悬挂桥,总长约2719米。金门大桥是世界上最著名的桥之一。位于美国旧金山,那时是建筑史上的一个奇迹。
3. Sydney Harbour Bridge (Sydney, Australia)
3. 悉尼海港大桥(澳大利亚悉尼)


Sydney Harbour Bridge is the widest long-span bridge in the world at a total length of 3,770ft!
悉尼海港大桥是世界上跨度最大的桥,全长1149米。
4. Ponte Vecchio (Florence, Italy)
4. 维琪奥桥(意大利佛罗伦萨)


The Ponte Vecchio is the oldest wholly-stone built, segmental arch bridge in Europe!
维琪奥桥是欧洲最古老的石头半拱桥。
5. Gateshead Millenium Bridge (Gateshead, England)
5. 英国盖茨黑德千僖桥(英国盖茨黑德市)


The award winning $44 million Gateshead Millennium Bridge is the first and only tilting bridge in the world!
 盖茨黑德千僖桥横跨泰恩河,建立于2000年,是世界上第一座也是唯一一座摆式大桥。桥长126米,宽 8米,规模不算大,但是造桥花费昂贵,主要是由于其独特的造型和较强的施工难度。盖茨黑德千僖桥为弧形桥,索塔也不是直立的,而是倾斜状的。
6. Erasmusbrug (Rotterdam, Netherlands)
6. 埃拉斯穆斯大桥(荷兰鹿特丹)


Erasmusbrug is popular for its aesthetic appeal, it is nicknamed "The Swan" due to the shape of the pylon supporting it!
这座引人注目的埃拉斯穆斯(Erasmus)桥梁自1997年起就成为世人赞美的目标。年轻的阿姆斯特丹建筑师Ben van Berkel突破了单纯功能建筑的想法,用这座桥梁创造出了建筑史上的艺术品。这座斜拉索桥连接着鹿特丹城市的北部和南部的Kop van Zuid,以美妙的姿态跨越了2,600英尺的距离。钢索悬挂在塔门上,弯曲着抵抗拉力,支持着桥身。这座建筑物拥有许多别名,其中一个就是“天鹅桥”,因为它横跨水面的姿态十分优雅。天鹅桥不仅是世界上最长的斜拉索桥,也是荷兰最高的桥。其造价仅为1.65亿欧元。埃拉斯穆斯大桥超越了传统桥梁建筑的概念,甚至成为鹿特丹的官方标志。
7. Westminster Bridge (London, England)
7. 西敏寺大桥(英国伦敦)


The clock tower on the far right is popularly called the "Big Ben" and is another important landmark in London!
泰晤士河上的西敏寺桥位于伦敦市中心,附近有英国的议会大厦、大本钟和伦敦的市政厅。在桥后面每天有游船公司协办的泰晤士河游,行程近1小时,船费约8英镑。
8. Millau Bridge (Tarn Valley, France)
8. 米约高架大桥(法国塔恩河谷)


Millau Bridge is the largest cable-stayed vehicular bridge in the world!
米约大桥(Millau bridge)因坐落在法国西南的米约市而得名,它是斜拉索式的长桥。它是目前世界上第二高的大桥,(目前最高的大桥是中国湖北的沪蓉西四渡河特大桥,桥面与峡谷谷底高差达560米)桥面与地面最底处垂直距离达270米。
9. Fehmarn Belt Bridge (Baltic Sea, Germany and Denmark)
9. 费马恩大桥


When completed in 2018 the Fehmarn Belt Bridge will stretch 11.8 miles and connect the German island of Fehmarn with the Danish island of Lolland at an estimated cost of $2.2 billion. The proposed bridge has been controversial with opposition from businesses and conservationists who fear it may damage local wildlife.


2007年6月29日,丹麦与德国合作修建跨波罗的海(Baltic Sea)的费马恩大桥(Fehmarn Belt Bridge)。该项目总投资高达58亿欧元,跨海大桥总长18公里,连接德国的费马恩岛和丹麦的洛兰岛。此项目将于2011年开始,预计在2018年结束。

10. The Kintai Bridge (Iwakuni, Japan)
10. 日本锦带桥(日本岩岛)


Possibly one of the most unlucky bridges in the world, Kintaikyo was reconstructed in 1673 after every other attempt to cross the Nishiki River via bridge had been foiled by seasonal flooding. The five wooden arches remained intact right up to 1950 when a typhoon finally destroyed them. However, the bridge was again reconstructed three years later and is still crossable today!
名列日本三名桥之一的“锦带桥”历史悠久、造
 

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