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Quality-质量相关业务中英文对照词汇全文

时间:2009-11-29 01:44:36  来源:  作者:

 1)FCA (Free Carrier) 货交承运人
(2)FAS (Free Alongside Ship) 装运港船边交货
(3)FOB (Free on Board) 装运港船上交货
(4)CFR (Cost and Freight) 成本加运费
(5)CIF (Cost,Insurance and Freight) 成本、保险费加运费
(6)CPT (Carriage Paid To) 运费付至目的地
(7)CIP (Carriage and Insurance Paid To) 运费、保险费付至目的地
(8)DAF (Delivered At Frontier) 边境交货
(9)DES (Delivered Ex Ship) 目的港船上交货
(10)DEQ (Delivered Ex Quay) 目的港码头交货
(11)DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid) 未完税交货
(12)DDP (Delivered Duty Paid) 完税后交货
主要船务术语简写:
(1)ORC (Origen Recevie Charges) 本地收货费用(广东省收取)
(2)THC (Terminal Handling Charges) 码头操作费(香港收取)
(3)BAF (Bunker Adjustment Factor) 燃油附加费
(4)CAF (Currency Adjustment Factor) 货币贬值附加费
(5)YAS (Yard Surcharges)码头附加费
(6)EPS (Equipment Position Surcharges) 设备位置附加费
(7)DDC (Destination Delivery Charges) 目的港交货费
(8)PSS (Peak Season Sucharges) 旺季附加费
(9)PCS (Port Congestion Surcharge) 港口拥挤附加费
(10)DOC (DOcument charges) 文件费
(11)O/F (Ocean Freight) 海运费
(12)B/L (Bill of Lading) 海运提单
(13)MB/L(Master Bill of Lading) 船东单
(14)MTD (Multimodal Transport Document) 多式联运单据
(15)L/C (Letter of Credit) 信用证
(16)C/O (Certificate of Origin) 产地证
(17)S/C (Sales Confirmation)销售确认书(Sales Contract) 销售合同
(18)S/O (Shipping Order)装货指示书
(19)W/T (Weight Ton)重量吨(即货物收费以重量计费)
(20)M/T (Measurement Ton)尺码吨(即货物收费以尺码计费)
(21)W/M(Weight or Measurement ton)即以重量吨或者尺码吨中从高收费
(22)CY (Container Yard) 集装箱(货柜)堆场
(23)FCL (Full Container Load) 整箱货
(24)LCL (Less than Container Load) 拼箱货(散货)
(25)CFS (Container Freight Station) 集装箱货运站
(26)TEU (Twenty-feet Equivalent Units) 20英尺换算单位(用来计算货柜量的多少)
(27)A/W (All Water)全水路(主要指由美国西岸中转至东岸或内陆点的货物的运输方式)
(28)MLB(Mini Land Bridge) 迷你大陆桥(主要指由美国西岸中转至东岸或内陆点的货物的运输方式)
(29)NVOCC(Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier) 无船承运人
货物 goods | | freight | | cargo 运输 transportation | | transit | | conveyance
运送 to transport | | to carry | | to convey
运输业 transportation business | | forwarding business | | carrying trade
运输代理人 a forwarding agent 承运人 a freight agent | | a carrier
船务代理人 a shipping agent 陆上运输 transportation by land 海上运输 transportation by sea
货物运输 goods traffic | | freight traffic | | carriage of freights | | carriage of goods
货轮 cargo boat | | freighter | | cargo steamer | | cargo carrier 火车 goods-train | | freight-train
卡车 goods-van | | goods wagon | | freight car | | truck 货运办公室 goods-office | | freight-department
运费率 freight | | freight rates | | goods rate 运费 carriage charges | | shipping expenses | | express charges
车费 cartage | | portage 运费预付 carriage prepaid | | carriage paid
运费到付 carriage forward | | freight collect 运费免除||免费 carriage free
协定运费 conference freight | | freight rate 运费清单 freight account
托运单 way-bill | | invoice 运送契约 contract for carriage
装运 shipment | | loading 装上货轮 to ship | | to load | | to take on a ship
装运费 shipping charges | | shipping commission 装运单||载货单 shipping invoice
装运单据 shipping documents 大副收据 mate's receipt 装船单 shipping order
提货单 delivery order 装船通知 shipping advice 包裹收据 parcel receipt
准装货单 shipping permit 租船契约 charter party 租船人 charterer
程租船||航次租赁 voyage charter 期租船 time charter 允许装卸时间 lay days | | laying days
工作日 working days 连续天数 running days | | consecutive days 滞期费 demurrage
滞期日数 demurrage days 速遣费 despatch money 空舱费 dead freight
退关 short shipment | | goods short shipped | | goods shut out | | shut-outs
赔偿保证书(信托收据) letter of indemnity | | trust receipt
装载 loading 卸货 unloading | | discharging | | landing
装运重量 shipping weight | | in-take-weight 卸货重量 landing weight
压舱 ballasting 压舱货 in ballast 舱单 manifest 船泊登记证书 ship's certificate of registry
航日记 ship's log 船员名册 muster-roll (船员,乘客)健康证明 bill of health
光票 clean bill 不清洁提单 foul bill 有疑问提单 suspected bill


Quality

The goods are available in different qualities.
此货有多种不同的质量可供。
Nothing wrong will happen, so long as the quality of your article is good.
只要商品质量可靠,就不会发生差错。
If the quality of your products is satisfactory, we may place regular orders.
如果你们产品的质量使我们满意,我们将不断订货。
If the quality of your initial shipment is found satisfactory, large repeats will follow.
如果贵方第一批运来的货令人满意,随后将有大批续订。
There is no marked qualitative difference between the two.
两者在质量上无显著差异。
We sincerely hope the quality are in conformity with the contract stipulations.
我们真诚希望质量与合同规定相符。
As long as the quality is good, it hardly matters if the price is a little bit higher.
只要能保证质量,售价高点都无所谓。
Prices are fixed according to their quality, aren't they?
价格按质量的好坏而定,对吗?
The transferee must see to it that the quality of the product is maintained.
接受转让一方要负责保持产品的质量。
Our Certificate of Quality is made valid by means of the official seal.
我们的质量证明书盖公章方为有效。
We'll improve the quality of our products and production efficiency.
我们将改进产品质量,提高生产率。
They are fully qualified to pass opinions on the quality of this merchandise.
他们完全有资格对这种产品的质量发表意见。
We would like to have you offer us 100 metric tons, quality same as last.
希望您能报给我们100吨质量和上次相同的货。
We find the quality suitable (unsuitable) for our market.
产品质量适合(不适合)我们的市场。
We always have faith in the quality of your products.
对你们产品的质量我们总是很信任。
Words and Phrases
quality 质量,品质qualitative 质量的qualitatively 在质量上
quality clause 品质条款quality certificate 品质证明书
quality of export and import commodities 进出口商品质量
good merchantable quality 全销质量to be in conformity with 与...一致
transferer 转让者transferee 受让者
报盘和还盘
Offer & Counter-Offer
We have the offer ready for you.
我们已经为你准备好报盘了。
I come to hear about your offer for fertilizers.
我来听听你们有关化肥的报盘。
Please make us a cable offer.
请来电报盘。
Please make an offer for the bamboo shoots of the quality as that in the last contract.
请把上次合同中订的那种质量的竹笋向我们报个价。
We are in a position to offer tea from stock.
我们现在可以报茶叶现货。
We'll try our best to get a bid from the buyers.
我们一定尽力获得买主的递价。
We'll let you have the official offer next Monday.
下星期就给您正式报盘。
I'm waiting for your offer.
我正等您的报价。
We can offer you a quotation based upon the international market.
我们可以按国际市场价格给您报价。
We have accepted your firm offer.
我们已收到了你们报的实盘。
We offer firm for reply 11 a.m. tomorrow.
我们报实盘,以明天上午11点答复为有效。
We'll let you have our firm offer next Sunday.
下星期天我们就向你们发实盘。
We're willing to make you a firm offer at this price.
我们愿意以此价格为你报实盘。
Could you offer us F.O.B. prices.
能想我们报离岸价格吗?
All your prices are on C.I.F. basis.
你们所有价格都是成本加运费保险费价格。
Can you make an offer, C & F London, at your earliest convenience?
您能尽快报一个伦敦港成本加运费价格吗?
I'd like to have your lowest quotations, C.I.F. Vancouver.
请报温哥华到岸价的最低价格。
Please make us a cable offer for 5 metric tons of walnut.
请电报5吨核桃仁的价格。
Our offer is RMB300 per set of tape-recorder, F.O.B. Tianjin.
我们的报价是每台收录机300元人民币,天津离岸价。
We quote this article at $250 per M/T C&F.
我们报成本加运费价每吨250美圆。
Words and Phrases
offer 报盘,报价to offer for 对...报价to make an offer for 对...报盘(报价)
firm offer 实盘non-firm offer 虚盘to forward an offer (or to send an offer) 寄送报盘
to get an offer(or to obtain an offer) 获得...报盘
to cable an offer (or to telegraph an offer) 电报(进行)报价
offer and acceptance by post 通过邮政报价及接受
to accept an offer 接受报盘
to entertain an offer 考虑报盘to give an offer 给...报盘
to submit an offer 提交报盘official offer 正式报价(报盘)
My offer was based on reasonable profit, not on wild speculations.
我的报价以合理利润为依据,不是漫天要价。
We have received offers recently, most of which are below 100 U.S. dollars.
我们最近的报价大多数都在100美圆以下。
Moreover, We've kept the price close to the costs of production.
再说,这已经把价格压到生产费用的边缘了。
I think the price we offered you last week is the best one.
相信我上周的报价是最好的。
No other buyers have bid higher than this price.
没有别的买主的出价高于此价。
The price you offered is above previous prices.
你方报价高于上次。
It was a higher price than we offered to other suppliers.
此价格比我们给其他供货人的出价要高。
We can't accept your offer unless the price is reduced by 5%.
除非你们减价5%,否则我们无法接受报盘。
I'm afraid I don't find your price competitive at all.
我看你们的报价毫无任何竞争性。
Let me make you a special offer.
好吧,我给你一个特别优惠价。
We'll give you the preference of our offer.
我们将优先向你们报盘。
I should have thought my offer was reasonable.
我本以为我的报价是合理的。
You'll see that our offer compares favorably with the quotations you can get elsewhere.
你会发现我们的报价比别处要便宜。
This offer is based on an expanding market and is competitive.
此报盘着眼于扩大销路而且很有竞争性。
Words and Phrases
quote 报价quotation 价格preferential offer 优先报盘
cost of production 生产费用reasonable 合理的competitive 有竞争性的
the preference of one's offer 优先报盘wild speculation 漫天要价
 

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