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国际农业磋商组织(CGIAR)

时间:2011-08-16 23:23:47  来源:  作者:

http://cgiar.org/

The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for sustainable development with the funders of this work. The funders include developing and industrialized country governments, foundations, and international and regional organizations. The work they support is carried out by 15 members of the Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers, in close collaboration with hundreds of partner organizations, including national and regional research institutes, civil society organizations, academia, and the private sector.

The CGIAR Vision and Strategic Objectives

The Vision:

To reduce poverty and hunger, improve human health and nutrition, and enhance ecosystem resilience through high-quality international agricultural research, partnership and leadership.

The Objectives:

Food for People: Create and accelerate sustainable increases in the productivity and production of healthy food by and for the poor.
Environment for People: Conserve, enhance and sustainably use natural resources and biodiversity to improve the livelihoods of the poor in response to climate change and other factors.
Policies for People: Promote policy and institutional change that will stimulate agricultural growth and equity to benefit the poor, especially rural women and other disadvantaged groups.
Why agricultural research matters

Multiple crises – triggered by food and energy price volatility, economic turmoil and concern about global climate change – have opened a new era of challenge and opportunity for agriculture and natural resource management.

While affecting people everywhere, the crises have imposed particularly harsh consequences on the approximately 2.1 billion people who live on less than US$2 a day – three-fourths of whom live in rural areas and depend directly or indirectly on agriculture for their livelihoods.

Higher prices for food have forced poor consumers to spend more of their meager earnings on this basic necessity, drastically reducing their possibilities for improved well being.

Climate change, by worsening the growing conditions for crops, will further strain the productive capacity of agricultural land and undermine the agricultural growth that is vital for reducing poverty. Scientists estimate that rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns will have especially severe impacts on farming in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

Stronger investment in agricultural science at the national and international levels is essential for addressing these new and complex challenges. Adequately funded research can deliver the innovations needed to achieve sustainable increases in agricultural productivity, benefiting the rural poor while conserving natural resources, such as water, forests and fisheries.


A long standing strategic partnership

The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), established in 1971, is a strategic partnership of diverse donors that support 15 international Centers, working in collaboration with many hundreds of government and civil society organizations as well as private businesses around the world. CGIAR donors include both developing and industrialized countries, international and regional organizations and private foundations.

Guided by a vision of reduced poverty and hunger, improved human health and nutrition, and greater ecosystem resilience, brought about through high-quality international agricultural research, partnership and leadership,the CGIAR applies cutting-edge science to foster sustainable agricultural growth that benefits the poor. The new crop varieties, knowledge and other products resulting from the CGIAR’s collaborative research are made widely available to individuals and organizations working for sustainable agricultural development throughout the world.

Eleven of the CGIAR Centers maintain international genebanks. These preserve and make readily available a wide array of plant genetic resources, which form the basis of global food security.

In addition, the CGIAR implements several innovative Challenge Programs, which are designed to address global or regional issues of vital importance. Implemented through broad-based research partnerships, these programs apply knowledge, technology and other resources to solve problems such as micronutrient deficiencies, which afflict more than three billion people worldwide; water scarcity, which already affects a third of the world’s population; and climate change, which poses a dire threat to rural livelihoods across the developing world.

CGIAR researchers have a solid record of delivering results that improve people's lives and help protect the environment. Without public investment in international agricultural research through the CGIAR,

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