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国际危机研究组织

时间:2011-07-10 07:59:45  来源:  作者:

http://www.crisisgroup.org/

The International Crisis Group is an independent, non-profit, non-governmental organisation committed to preventing and resolving deadly conflict.

1995, the year Crisis Group was founded
US$ 17 million, annual budget for 2011
Some 130 permanent staff worldwide, from 49 nationalities speaking 47 languages
Over 60 conflict and potential conflict situations covered
Around 80 reports and briefings published annually
Over 90 issues of the monthly CrisisWatch bulletin published since 2003
Over 1,000 full-length reports and briefings published since 1995
Over 29,000 targeted recipients of reports
Over 150,000 people subscribing online to receive reports
Over 2 million website visits annually
Over 14,000 media mentions annually
Over 200 opinion pieces published annually
President and CEO: Louise Arbour, Former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (since July 2009)
1. The International Crisis Group is now generally recognised as the world’s leading independent, non-partisan, source of analysis and advice to governments, and intergovernmental bodies like the United Nations, European Union and World Bank, on the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict. Our work has been applauded by, among others, former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan (‘a global voice of conscience, and a genuine force for peace’); former U.S. President Bill Clinton (‘in the most troubled corners of the world, the eyes, the ears and the conscience of the global community’); successive U.S. Secretaries of State (Condoleezza Rice: ‘a widely respected and influential organisation’, Colin Powell: ‘a mirror for the conscience of the world’ and Madeleine Albright: ‘a full-service conflict prevention organisation’); the President of the European Commission Jose Manuel Barroso (‘a highly influential and inspiring voice in the field of conflict prevention’); former Spanish Foreign Minister Miguel Ángel Moratinos (‘an indispensible source of information for governments and a wide range of institutions actively working towards peace and conflict resolution’); and former U.S. Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, the late Richard Holbrooke (‘a brilliant idea ... beautifully implemented’ with reports likeCrisisWatch ‘better than anything I saw in government’). Crisis Group has regularly received similar endorsement from influential media, such as Quentin Peel of the Financial Times (‘an essential dose of detailed analysis and hard-nosed realism’) and The Economist (‘invaluable’ reports).

2. Crisis Group was founded in 1995 as an international non-governmental organisation on the initiative of a group of well known transatlantic figures who despaired at the international community’s failure to anticipate and respond effectively to the tragedies in the early 1990s of Somalia, Rwanda and Bosnia. They were led by Morton Abramowitz (former U.S. Ambassador to Turkey and Thailand, then President of the Carnegie Endowment for Peace), Mark Malloch Brown (later head of the UN Development Programme, UN Deputy Secretary-General and UK Minister), and its first Chairman, Senator George Mitchell. The idea was to create a new organisation – unlike any other – with a highly professional staff acting as the world’s eyes and ears for impending conflicts, and with a highly influential board that could mobilise effective action from the world’s policymakers.

3. From small beginnings – a two-person office in London, and a tiny field staff in the Balkans and West Africa – Crisis Group has grown very rapidly over the last decade . It currently employs worldwide some 130 permanent staff, representing between them 49 nationalities and speaking 47 different languages, plus at any given time around 20 consultants and 40 interns. They are located on the ground in ten regional offices and sixteen other disclosed locations covering between them over 60 countries or situations of actual or potential conflict; in five advocacy offices, in Brussels (the global headquarters), Washington DC, New York, London and Beijing; and as liaison presence in Moscow. Crisis Group publishes annually over 80 reports and briefing papers, as well as the CrisisWatch bulletin assessing every month the current state of play in some 70 countries or areas of actual or potential conflict. Publications are distributed widely by email to over 29,000 targeted recipients and over 150,000 website subscribers, and are available free of charge on our website, which has grown enormously in popularity in recent years, with over 2 million visits in 2010.

4. What distinguishes Crisis Group from other organisations working on conflict analysis, prevention or resolution is a unique combination of field-based analysis, sharp-edged policy prescription and high-level advocacy, with key roles being played – very unusually for an NGO – by a senior management team highly experienced in government and by a highly active Board of Trustees containing many senior statesmen and women used to making things happen. Crisis Group’s Board is chaired by Ambassador Thomas Pickering, former U.S. Ambassador to the UN, Russia, India, Israel, Jordan, El Salvador and Nigeria and Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, and former Senior Vice President for International Relations at Boeing. Crisis Group’s President and CEO has been, since July 2009, Louise Arbour, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and Chief Prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda. She succeeded Gareth Evans, former Foreign Minister of Australia (1988-96) and a member of many international panels and commissions, who served as President between January 2000 and July 2009.

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