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国际纯粹物理和应用物理联合会(IUPAP)The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics

时间:2010-08-25 11:44:22  来源:  作者:

http://www.iupap.org/

The Role that IUPAP Plays
The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) was established in 1922 in Brussels with 13 Member countries and the first General Assembly was held in 1923 in Paris.

The aims of the Union are: to stimulate and promote international cooperation in physics; to sponsor suitable international meetings and to assist organizing committees; to foster the preparation and the publication of abstracts of papers and tables of physical constants; to promote international agreements on other use of symbols, units, nomenclature and standards; to foster free circulation of scientists; to encourage research and education.

The Union is governed by its General Assembly which meets every three years. The Council is its top executive body, supervising the activities of the eighteen specialized International Commissions and three Affiliated Commissions.

As one of the basic sciences, physics relates to all branches of natural science. Many of the most exciting developments take place in the border areas between different disciplines. To cover interdisciplinary activities IUPAP maintains close liaison with several of the other Unions. In some cases this collaboration is manifested in the form of associate members of IUPAP Commissions. The Union also participates in many of the ICSU Inter-Union Commissions and global projects.

The Union is composed of Members representing identified physics communities. At present 48 Members adhere to IUPAP.

IUPAP-Sponsored Awards

The IUPAP Young Scientist Prize, approved and adopted at the 2005 General Assembly for all Commissions:

2006 to Siddharth Shanker Saxena (C9)
2006 to Satoshi Okamoto (C9)
2006 to Marta Burgay (C19)
2006 to Ali A. Mowlavi (AC4)
2007 to Giulio Biroli (C3)
2007 to Tomohiro Sasamoto (C3)
2007 to Stephanus Ferreira (C4)
2007 to Maximo Ave (C4)
2007 to Habib Zaidi (C6)
2007 to Rainer J. Fries (C12)
2007 to Kimiko Sekiguchi (C12)
2007 to Yuri A. Litvinov (C12)
2007 to Robin Santra (C15)
2007 to Pascal Chabert (C16)
2007 to Stefano Sanvito (C20)
2008 to Sébastien Bize (C2)
2008 to Frank Herfurth (C2)
2008 to Lieven Vandersypen (C8)
2008 to Yasaman Farzan (C11)
2008 to Kai-Feng Chen (C11)

The SUNAMCO Medal, given by the International Commission on Symbols, Units, Nomenclature, Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants (C2) in:

1990 to Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM);
1991 to Dr. R. D. Deslattes;
1992 to Dr. B. P. Kibble and Professor H. E. Duckworth;
1996 to Dr. E. R. Cohen;
1998 to Professor T. Kinoshita and GSI (Gemeinschaft für Schwer-Ionforschung, Darmstadt).
2001 to Dr. C. A. Hamilton and Prof. T. W. Hänsch.
2004 to Professor A. H. Wapstra, Senior SUNAMCO medallist
2008 to Prof. Heinz-Jürgen Kluge, Prof.Georg Bollen,and Prof. D.E. Pritchard
The Boltzmann Medal, awarded by the International Commission on Statistical Physics (C3) in:

1975 to Professor K. Wilson;
1977 to Professor R. Kubo;
1980 to Professor R. J. Baxter;
1983 to Professor M. Fisher;
1986 to Professors D. Ruelle and Y. Sinai;
1989 to Professor L. P. Kadanoff;
1992 to Professors J. L. Lebowitz and G. Parisi;
1995 to Professor S. Edwards;
1998 to Professors E. Lieb and B. Widom.
2001 to Dr. B. J. Alder and Dr. K. Kawasaki;
The Fritz London Award, given by the International Commission on Low Temperature Physics (C5) in:

1958 to Professor N. Kurti;
1960 to Professor L. D. Landau;
1962 to Professor J. Bardeen;
1964 to Professor D. Shoenberg;
1966 to Professor C. J. Gorter;
1968 to Professor W. M. Fairbank;
1970 to Professor B. D. Josephson;
1972 to Professor A. Abrikosov;
1975 to Professor J. C. Wheatley;
1978 to Professor W. L. MacMillan, Drs J. M. Rowell and G. Ahlers;
1981 to Professors A. J. Leggett, J. D. Reppy and I. Rudnick;
1984 to Professors W. Buckel, O. V. Lounasmaa and D. J. Thouless;
1987 to Professors J. Clarke, J. Kondo, J. G. Bednorz and K. A. Müller;
1990 to Professor A. Larkin, Drs. P. C. Hohenberg and R. C. Dynes;
1993 to Professors D. S. Greywall, H. Meyer and A. Schmid;
1996 to Professor M. H. W. Chan, Drs. E. Cornell and C. Wieman;
1999 to Dr. D. Brewer, W. Ketterle, and M. Krusius;
2002 to Drs. R. J. Donnelly, W. Hardy, and A. M. Goldman.;
The Young Author Best Paper Award, established by the International Commission on Semiconductors (C8) and sponsored by the semiconductor industries of USA, Japan and Europe, awarded in:

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