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JSTOR(Journal STORage)

时间:2009-11-26 12:59:18  来源:  作者:

www.jstor.org/

JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways.

The Organization

JSTOR was founded in 1995 to build trusted digital archives for scholarship. Today, we work with the scholarly community to preserve their work and the materials they rely upon, and to build a common research platform that promotes the discovery and use of these resources.

With participation and support from the international scholarly community, JSTOR has created a high-quality, interdisciplinary archive of scholarship, is actively preserving over one thousand academic journals in both digital and print formats, and continues to greatly expand access to scholarly works and other materials needed for research and teaching globally. We are investing in new initiatives to increase the productivity of researchers and to facilitate new forms of scholarship.

In 2009, JSTOR merged with and became a service of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance scholarship and teaching in sustainable ways.

The Archives

JSTOR offers a high-quality, interdisciplinary archive to support scholarship and teaching. It includes archives of over one thousand leading academic journals across the humanities, social sciences, and sciences, as well as select monographs and other materials valuable for academic work. The entire corpus is full-text searchable, offers search term highlighting, includes high-quality images, and is interlinked by millions of citations and references.

The archive is unique in terms of scale, content, and the significant use it receives. It is recognized specifically for:

  • offering a unique, interlinked aggregation of scholarly works
  • facilitating interdisciplinary and historical research
  • exemplary standards for digitization and completeness
  • interfaces and functionality that support academic use
  • highly reliable access
  • long-term preservation

Today, academic journals comprise the majority of the content in the archive. Journals are always included from volume 1, issue 1 and include previous and related titles. The most recently published issues (past 3-5 years) are not available. However, users can search this material and link to the publisher's site or other online source for access. Please read about the Moving Wall and Links to Recent Content for more information.

The archives are being expanded continuously with a current emphasis on international publications as well as collections of other content types such as pamphlets, images and manuscripts from libraries, societies, and museums. New initiatives to support innovations in scholarship, such as using the archives for text mining and enabling the pre-publication sharing of ideas among scholars, are also underway.

Please see Available Collections for detailed information about journals and other publications and content in the archive.

STORJournal STORage、期刊存储,创立于1995年)是一个收集学术期刊在线系统。它提供了对发表在数百本知名学术期刊上的文章的电子版全文搜索。 这些学术期刊最早可以追溯到1665年。JSTOR设在纽约,是由安得鲁梅伦基金会(Andrew W. Mellon Foundation)创立的,现在是一个独立的和非营利性机构。

 
建立JSTOR的最初设想是为了解决图书馆,特别是学术图书馆面临的一个共同问题,那就是存放的学术期刊数目的增长。由于成本和所需空间的增加,许多图书馆发现保持期刊的完整性和多样化的开销相当大。JSTOR允许图书馆外包学术期刊的储存资源并且让图书馆对期刊的长期可利用性有信心。
 
在线浏览和全文搜索功能大大提高了期刊的可访问性。到2007年3月为止,资料库共容纳了706本期刊标题和超过162,616册个体期刊发行本,总计2345.4万个文章页面。
 
目前对JSTOR的访问主要局限于美国加拿大英国爱尔兰的图书馆、大学和出版商。参与JSTOR的图书馆和大学的成员可以免费从网际网络访问。个人还可以通过对一些期刊出版商的付费从JSTOR访问期刊的文章,不过只能浏览其付费的出版商发行的期刊。
 
许多JSTOR上的期刊的存有量由移动墙(Moving wall)控制。所谓移动墙是指期刊现发行本发行的时间和其现发行本存放到JSTOR的时间之间的间隔。这个时间间隔是由JSTOR和出版商的协议书决定的,一般介于3到5年。出版商还可以要求将移动墙改为固定墙(Fixed wall)。固定墙是指一个特定日期,在那个日期之后JSTOR不能增加新的发行本到其资料库。当一个出版商从它自己控制的网站发表文章时,固定墙往往就被安排下来了。
 
JSTOR的姐妹机构是ARTstor,一个收集艺术作品数字图像的在线系统。其运行模式和JSTOR相似。

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