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英伦阁学术英语写作通讯之5

时间:2012-12-04 18:58:21  来源:  作者:

 

英伦阁学术英语写作通讯之5

 

1 The Correct Sense 正确的时态

 

While writing a paper, it is very important to use the correct tense to report your findings

correctly. 在写论文时,使用正确的时态来准确报告您的研究成果非常重要。

 

Introduction 介绍:

 

The introduction is usually written in present tense. For example, “In this paper, we show that

p73 plays an important role in tumorigenesis.” 介绍通常采用一般现在时。比如:“In this paper,

we show that p73 plays an important role in tumorigenesis”。

 

Methods 方法:

 

This section is mainly written in the past tense. For Example, “PC3 and LNCaP cell lines were

obtained from ATCC and grown under standard conditions”. 这部分主要使用一般过去时。比

如:“PC3 and LNCaP cell lines were obtained from ATCC and grown under standard

conditions”。

 

Results and Discussion 结果与讨论:

 

Similar to the methods section, the results section is also typically written in the past tense.

The discussion section, however, is usually written in the present tense. 和方法部分一样,结

果部分经常情况下也使用过去时态。然而,讨论部分通常却用一般现在时。

 

Conclusion 结论:

 

The conclusion is usually a mixture of the past, present, and future tenses. The future tense is

typically used in the conclusion only to talk about future work. For example, “Further research

on this protein will determine its exact structure.” The future tense should be avoided in all

other sections of the paper. 结论部分通常会混合使用过去时,现在时和将来时。典型情况下,

将来时只用于讨论未来的研究工作。例如,“Further research on this protein will determine its

exact structure”。在论文中的任何其它部分,都应避免使用将来时态。

 

2. Subject-Verb agreement with “couple” 涉及单词couple的主谓一致

 

“Couple” usually refers to two people or things. Since it refers to more than one person or

thing, it takes the plural verb. It is most often used in the construction “a couple of.” For

example, “We saw a couple of monkeys.” 英语单词couple通常用来指代两个人或两件事。因

为它指代超过一个人或一件事,所以其后的动词要用复数形式。它大部分情况下用在固定结构“a

couple of”中。例如,“We saw a couple of monkeys”。

 

“Couple” also means “a few” and is used to refer to a small number of people or things. In this

situation also, it refers to more than one person or thing and thus takes the plural verb. For

example, “A couple of beans were placed in the jar.” “Couple”也意味着“一些”,用来指代

少量的人或事。这种情况下它也指代超过一个人或一件事,所以还是要接复数动词。例如,“A

couple of beans were placed in the jar”。

 

“Couple” takes the singular noun when referring to a couple--a married couple--as a single

unit. For example, “The couple owns a bright red car.” 当Couple指代一对夫妻(如 a married

couple)时,其后使用动词的单数形式。例如,“The couple owns a bright red car”。

 

* Since this word can be used in so many ways, it should be avoided in non-technical contexts

in academic writing. Instead use “a pair of,” “two,” or “a few,” depending on what you want to

convey. 鉴于该单词具有如此众多的含义,应尽量避免在学术著作的非技术部分使用它。可以根

据自己要表达的意思选择使用“a pair of”,“two”,或“a few”。

 

* Crimson荣获2012“世界品质承诺”金奖

 

2012年10月29日,Crimson凭着对卓越品质的贡献,在第26届世界品质承诺之星奖(WQC)中赢

得了又一项国际荣誉——“世界品质承诺”金奖。此奖项使Crimson Interactive与旗下品牌

Enago(英论阁),Ulatus和Voxtab与其他提供世界级卓越品质服务的企业并驾齐驱。

 

Crimson因以质量为导向为行业树立标准而久负盛名。“世界品质承诺”奖再次强化了我们“质

量至上,追求卓越”的理念。

 


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