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常用英文数学式/符号的读法

时间:2011-11-12 08:55:47  来源:  作者:

常用英文数学式/符号的读法
Pronunciation of Numerals 数词的读法
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1.Cardinals and Ordinals 基数和序数

(1)100以内的数词
基数 序数
Roman Arabic
Numerals Numerals
罗马数字 阿拉伯数字读法 数码 读法
I 1 one 1st the first
II 2 two 2nd the second
III 3 three 3rd the third
IV 4 four 4th the fourth
V 5 five 5th the fifth
VI 6 six 6th the sixth
VII 7 seven 7th the seventh
VIII 8 eight 8th the eighth
IX 9 nine 9th the ninth
X 10 ten 10th the tenth
XI 11 eleven 11th the eleventh
XII 12 twelve 12th the twelfth
XIII 13 thirteen 13th the thirteenth
XIV 14 fourteen 14th the fourteenth
XV 15 fifteen 15th the fifteenth
XVI 16 sixteen 16th the sixteenth
XVII 17 seventeen 17th the seventeenth
XVIII 18 eighteen 18th the eighteenth
XIX 19 nineteen 19th the nineteenth
XX 20 twenty 20th the twentieth
XXI 21 twenty-one 21st the twenty-first
XXV 25 twenty-five 25th the twenty-fifth
XXX 30 thirty 30th the thirtieth
XL 40 forty 40th the fortieth
L 50 fifty 50th the fiftieth
LX 60 sixty 60th the sixtieth
LXX 70 seventy 70th the seventieth
LXXX 80 eighty 80th the eightieth
XC 90 ninety 90th the ninetieth
IC 99 ninety-nine 99th the ninety-ninth
C 100 one hundred 100th the hundredth
CII 102 a hundred 102nd the (one) hundred
and two and second
246 two hundred and forty-six
751 seven hundred and fifty-one

(2)1000以上的数词
1,000 = one thousand 一千
10,000 = ten thousand 一万
100,000 = one hundred thousand 十万
1,000,000 = one million 一百万
10,000,000 = ten million 一千万
100,000,000=one hundred million 一亿

(3)十亿以上的大数,英美有不同的读法:
英国 美国
十亿 one thousand million = one billion
百亿 ten thousand million = ten billion
千亿 one hundred thousand million = one hundred billion
万亿 one billion = one trillion

2.Fractions 分数

通常将分子读为基数,将分母读为序数。
1/2 = a (or one) half
1/3 = a (or one) third
1/4 = a quarter or one fouth
1/5 = a (or one) fifth
2/3 = two thirds
9/10 = nine tenths
53/4 = five and three quarters
15/64= fifteen over (or by) sixty-four
15% = fifteen per cent
4‰ = four per mill

3.Decimals 小数

0.4 = zero (or nought) point four
.01 = point (or decimal) nought one
12.34 = twelve point three four
567.809 = five hundred and sixty-seven point eight nought nine
30.45 = thirty point four five, five recurring
0.3% = decimal three percent

4.Mathematic Forms 数学式

(1) Addition 加法
1+2=3 One and two are three.
2+3=5 Two plus three equals five.
4+0=4 Four and nought is equal to four.
45+70+152=267 45,70 and 152 added are (or make) 267
the sum (or total) is 267.
演算时的读法: Three and seven are ten; I write(or I write down,or I put down)a nought
and carry one. Four and one that I carry are five, and eight make thirteen,and three
sixteen; I write down six and carry one. One and one (that I carry) are two; I put down
two.- The sum (or total, or the result of the addition) is two hundred and sixty. 37,80
and 143 added together, and(or make) 260.

(2)Subtraction 减法
9-4=5 Nine minus four equals (or is equal to) five.
15-7=8 Seven from fifteen leaves eight.
23,654-8,175=15,479 8,175 (take or subtracted) from 23,654 leaves 15,479. The difference
(or The remainder) is 15,479.
Nine from five won`t go.
演算时的读法:Nought from nought (leaves) nought. One from one leaves nought (or nothing).
Two from three (leaves) one. I can`t take (or subtract) five from four; I must borrow ten;
five from fourteen leaves nine.- The difference (or The remainder) is nine thousand one
hundred. 5210 (take or substracted) from 14,310 leaves 9,100.

(3)Multiplication 乘法
1×0=0 One multiplied by nought equals nought.
1×1=1 Once one is one.
2×1=2 Twice one is two.
3×5=15 Three times five is fifteen
6×0=0 Multiply six by nothing, and the result is nothing.
演算时的读法: Five times nine (or Nine multiplied by five) are forty-five; I put down five
and carry four. Five times seven are thirty-five and four (that I carry) are thirty-nine; I write
down nine and carry three. Five times six make thirty and three (that I carry) thirty-three; I put
down thirty-three.
Eight times nine (or Eight nine) are seven two; I write two and carry seven. Eight sevens make
fifty-six and seven are sixty-three. I put down three and carry six. Eight sixes make forty-eight

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