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段落间有机联系 英语书面表达实用技巧

时间:2010-10-21 10:46:50  来源:  作者:

<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">(一)掌握技巧:</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">(1)注意篇章结构,合理布局</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">开始部分(opening paragraph)&mdash;&mdash;说出文中的要点、核心问题。</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">正文部分(Body paragraphs)&mdash;&mdash;围绕主题开展叙述、讨论。</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">结尾部分(concluding paragraphs)&mdash;&mdash;对全文的总结和概括。</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">要做到全文中心突出、段落之间必须是有机地联系,内容完整、连贯。</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">前后呼应,祛除与主题无关的内容。</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">(2)确定主题句</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">主题句是对全文的概括,是文章的主旨。它能在文章中起到&ldquo;画龙点睛&rdquo;的作用。通常主题句出现在一篇文章的开头,而后,全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释,扩展。</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">写主题句应注意以下几点:</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">①归纳出你要写的文章的几个要点。</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">②提炼出一句具有概括性的话。</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">③主题句应具有可读性,抓住、吸引读者。</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">(二)巧用连接词</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">要想使文章有整体性、连贯性,就要学会正确使用连接词。</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">表示罗列增加</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">First, second, third, First, then / next, after that / next, finally For one thing &hellip;for another&hellip;, On (the) one hand&hellip;on the other hand,Besides / what&rsquo;s more / in addition / furthermore / moreover / another / also, Especially / In particular,</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">表示时间顺序</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">now, at present, recently,after, afterwards, after that, after a while, in a few days,at first, in the beginning, to begin with, later, next, finally,immediately, soon, suddenly, all of a sudden, at that moment, as soon as, the moment form now on, from then on, at the same time, meanwhile, till, not&hellip;until, before, after, when, while, as during,</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">表示解释说明</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">now, in addition, for example, for instance, in this case, moreover furthermore, in fact, actually</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">表示转折关系</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">but, however, while, though, or, otherwise, on the contrary, on the other hand, in contrast, despite, in spite of, even though, except (for), instead, of course, after all,</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">表示并列关系</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">or, and, also, too, not only &hellip;but also, as well as, both&hellip; and, either &hellip;or,neither &hellip;nor</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">表示因果关系</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">because, because of, since, now that, as, thanks to&hellip;, due to&hellip;, therefore, as a result (of), otherwise, so&hellip;that, such&hellip;that</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">表示条件关系</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">as (so) long as, on condition that, if, unless</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">表示让步关系</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">though, although, as, even if, even though, whether &hellip;or&hellip;, however, whoever, whatever, whichever, wherever, whenever, no matter how (who, what, which, where, when, whom)</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">表示举例</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">for example, for instance, such as&hellip;, take&hellip; for example</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">表示比较</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">be similar to, similarly, the same as, in contrast, compared with (to)&hellip;just like, just as,</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">表示目的</div>
<div style=\"TEXT-INDENT: 2em\">for this reason,, for this purpose, so that, in order to, so as to,</div>

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