给我留言 | 加入收藏 | 设为首页 | 会员中心 | 我要投稿 | RSS
| 全民阅读 | 推荐影音 | 推荐站点 | 网站导航 | 基金奖项 | 智囊智库 | 赛事集锦 | 为/问什么呢 | 太有才啦 | 献言/呼吁/告诫 |
您当前的位置:首页 > 精彩推荐 > 为/问什么呢

为什么寂寞会让你生病?

时间:2013-05-13 04:47:38  来源:  作者:

Why does being lonely make you ill?
为什么寂寞会让你生病?


By Deborah Cohen


 

 

 


Loneliness is thought to be rising around the world and how often you see friends and family could have a significant effect on health.

世界上越来越多的人感到孤独,与家人朋友会面的次数会对一个人的健康有着重大的影响。

Doctors have known for some time that loneliness is bad for the mind. It leads to mental health problems like depression, stress, anxiety, and a lack of confidence.

据医生所知孤独对精神有害,它会导致人的心理问题如抑郁,压力,焦虑,和缺乏自信。

But there's growing evidence that social isolation is connected with an increased risk of physical ill health as well.

但是越来越多的证据显示社会隔绝也会增加健康不佳的风险。

There are suggestions it can make some diseases both more likely to occur and more likely to be fatal.

有迹象表明孤独很可能会引起某些致命疾病的发生。

In 2006, a study of 2,800 women who had breast cancer showed those who saw few friends or family were as much as five times more likely to die of their disease than women with many social contacts.

二零零六年,在一项针对两千八百名女性乳腺癌患者的研究中显示,那些不常与家人朋友见面的女性比社交活跃的女性因乳腺癌病逝的几率要大五倍。

Researchers are trying to figure out what loneliness does to the body which can lead to illness and death.

研究人员努力尝试想要得知孤独对人体造成的影响,究竟是什么样的影响会导致疾病的产生和死亡。

Psychologists at University of Chicago and Ohio State University have shown that people who are socially isolated develop changes in their immune system, which leads to a condition called chronic inflammation.

美国芝加哥和俄亥俄州立大学的心理学家表示与社会隔绝的人,他们的免疫体统中会产生变化,这些变化会导致一种叫做慢性炎症的病状。

Short term inflammation is necessary for us to heal after a cut or an infection, but if the inflammation persists in the long-term it can contribute towards cardiovascular disease and cancer.

短期的炎症必需要治愈,如小伤口或是感染。但是炎症如果长期存在就会引发心血管病和癌症。

At the University of Chicago, scientists found that lonely people find everyday activities more stressful than those who are not socially isolated.

在芝加哥大学,科学家发现与社交活跃的人相比,孤独者感到日常活动压力过重。

They measured levels of cortisol, a hormone that's produced when we are stressed, in a wide range of healthy people in the morning and evening.

他们检测了皮质醇的含量,皮质醇是人在紧张的时候所产生的一种荷尔蒙,各类健康的人白天和黑夜都会产生皮质醇。

Lonely people released more cortisol. The scientists suggest that too much of the hormone causes inflammation and disease.

孤独者会产生更多的皮质醇。科学家表明过多的荷尔蒙会导致炎症和疾病。

The latest work from Ohio State University looked at levels of inflammation in response to stress in lonely people. Dr Lisa Jaremka compared women who have survived breast cancer with healthy volunteers.

俄亥俄州立大学的最新研究关注于孤独人群的炎症程度。Lisa Jaremka 博士将乳腺癌的治愈患者和健康的志愿者进行了对比。

She gave the participants a well-known stress test, called the Trier Social Stress Test, in which they had to give an impromptu speech explaining why they were the best candidate for a job, in front of a stony-faced panel.

她对参与者进行了著名的特里尔社会应激测试,在测试中参与者必须在一排面无表情的考官前做一段即兴的演讲来解释为什么他们是这个工作的最佳人选。

 


We need to find ways to help lonely people. Unfortunately we can't tell anyone to go out and find someone to love you”

我们需要找到帮助孤独者的方法。不幸的是我们无法告诉他们中的任何一个走出家门,找人来爱你。

Dr Lisa Jaremka Ohio State University

俄亥俄州立大学Lisa Jaremka 博士

 


They then had to perform a mental arithmetic task before the same panel.

然后他们必须在同一考官面前做一项心算的任务。

Loneliness tests and blood samples showed that in both groups, the lonelier people had higher levels of inflammation.

两组的孤独测验和血液样本显示出较为孤独的人体内的炎症含量较高。

Dr Jaremka said: "If you're lonely you can have raised inflammation regardless of having a chronic medical condition.

Jaremka 博士说:“如果你感到孤单寂寞,无论是否患有慢性疾病,人体内的炎症程度会升高。”

"It was a struggle for a long time for physicians to recognise the importance of loneliness in health. We now know how important it is to understand patients' social worlds."

“对于内科医生来说,认识到孤独对人健康的重要性是个长期的斗争。我们现在知道了解病人的社交界是多么的重要。”

The number of people who are likely to be lonely is rising all over the world. Many of these are elderly, left by themselves after their partners have died or their families have moved away.

来顶一下
返回首页
返回首页
发表评论 共有条评论
用户名: 密码:
验证码: 匿名发表
推荐资讯
相关文章
栏目更新
栏目热门