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音乐是如何影响我们的?为什么音乐疗法能够提升我们的健康?

时间:2012-12-15 17:07:49  来源:  作者:

研究显示音乐对人的生理与心理可以起到巨大的影响。实际上,卫生保健系统中,一种被称为“音乐疗法”的领域正在不断壮大,而它就是使用了音乐作为治疗的手段与工具。音乐疗法的实施者们发现:音乐对治疗癌症、儿童注意力缺陷障碍(多动症)以及其它疾病具有成效。甚至医院也已经开始采用音乐疗法,来帮助缓解患者疼痛、防治患者抑郁、提高患者活动水平、稳定患者精神状态、缓解患者肌肉紧张,并通过音乐疗法能取得了很多其他成效。考虑到音乐可以以很多方式影响与改变我们的身体及心理,这些也就并不值得惊奇了。下面列举了一些音乐具有的作用,帮助我们更好的理解音乐疗法:
* Brain Waves: Research has shown that music with a strong beat can stimulate brainwaves to resonate in sync with the beat, with faster beats bringing sharper concentration and more alert thinking, and a slower tempo promoting a calm, meditative state. Also, research has found that the change in brainwave activity levels that music can bring can also enable the brain to shift speeds more easily on its own as needed, which means that music can bring lasting benefits to your state of mind, even after you’ve stopped listening.
脑波:研究已经证实了,节奏强烈的音乐可以刺激脑波以同步的节律产生共鸣,即快速的节奏使得注意力更为集中、思维更为警觉,而慢拍则能引发平静、冥想的思维状态。研究同样发现,音乐不仅能够快速的改变脑波的活动水平,同时能够帮助大脑提高在自身不同活动水平间自如切换的速度,也就是说,音乐能够为你的大脑带来长足的影响。

* Breathing and Heart Rate: With alterations in brainwaves comes changes in other bodily functions. Those governed by the autonomic nervous system, such as breathing and heart rate can also be altered by the changes music can bring. This can mean slower breathing, slower heart rate, and an activation of the relaxation response, among other things. This is why music and music therapy can help counteract or prevent the damaging effects of chronic stress, greatly promoting not only relaxation, but health.
呼吸及心率:脑波的变化还能够改变那些受自主神经支配的身体机能,例如:呼吸、心率的改变能够通过音乐实现,也就是说音乐可以随时减慢呼吸以及心率、激活一些放松反应。这就是为什么音乐疗法可以帮助人们抵消与防治长期压力带来的有害影响,大大增加人体的放松程度,促进个体健康。
* State of Mind: Music can also be used to bring a more positive state of mind, helping to keep depression and anxiety at bay. This can help prevent the stress response from wreaking havoc on the body, and can help keep creativity and optimism levels higher, bringing many other benefits.
思维状态:音乐也可以抵御抑郁与焦虑的侵袭,使人保持一种更为积极地心理状态,预防了应激反应对身体造成的巨大伤害。音乐也可以将个体创新性与乐观度维持在较高水平,进而增加受益。
* Other Benefits: Music has also been found to bring many other benefits, such as lowering blood pressure (which can also reduce the risk of stroke and other health problems over time), boost immunity, ease muscle tension, and more. With so many benefits and such profound physical effects, it’s no surprise that so many are seeing music as an important tool to help the body in staying (or becoming) healthy.
其他:音乐还被发现具有降血压(随着时间的推移,这进一步减少了患上中风以及承担其他健康问题的风险)、提高免疫力、缓解肌肉紧张等更多功效。正因为音乐对身体有如此多以及长远的益处,所以很多人将音乐作为了保持与增进身体健康的重要工具。
Using Music Therapy:
使用音乐疗法:
With all these benefits that music can carry, it's no surprise that music therapy is growing in popularity. For more information on music therapy, visit the American Music Therapy Association's website.
既然音乐能够带来如此多的益处,那么也难怪音乐疗法越来越受欢迎了。如果想获得更多有关音乐疗法的信息可以访问美国音乐疗法协会(AMTA)。
Using Music On Your Own:
亲自尝试音乐疗法:

While music therapy is an important discipline, you can also achieve benefits from music on your own. This article on music, relaxation and stress management can explain more of how music can be an especially effective tool for stress management, and can be used in dailly life.
鉴于音乐疗法这一学科的重要性,你不妨亲自着手从音乐中获得益处。文章Music Relaxation: A Healthy and Conveneint Stress Management Tool进一步解释了音乐是怎样在日常生活中的压力管理方面拥有出色表现的,希望你能从中受益。
 

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