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我们为什么喜欢音乐

时间:2010-12-29 09:20:33  来源:  作者:

自从我们人类历史存在记忆开始,音乐就一直陪伴着我们,乐器的存在也可以追溯到数万年前。然而尽管如此,我们依然不清楚为什么我们热爱音乐,或者说它究竟有何功用.
Researchers have yet to find a "music center" in the brain. Like many higher-order processes, the tasks involved in processing and enjoying music are distributed across several brain areas.
研究人员已经发现,人类的大脑中存在一个“组合音响”,就像许多高阶进程,分别由大脑的不同区域执行高阶进程和欣欣赏音乐的过程。
One study found that when focusing on harmony in a piece, a subject experiences increased activity in the right temporal lobe's auditory areas. Several studies have shown the temporal lobe to be one key region for understanding certain musical features. But it works closely with areas in the frontal lobe responsible for forming meaningful musical syntax (or structure).
一项研究发现,当和声集中在一个区域时,颞叶听觉区域便会加强此类主题的活动经验。还有几项研究表明,颞叶是理解某些音乐特征的关键区域,它的工作与负责音乐结构的大脑额叶紧密相联系。
Other studies have focused on our emotional responses to music.
另一些研究集中在我们对音乐的情感反应方面。
A 2001 experiment at McGill College used brain scans to study the neural mechanics of the goosebumps that great music can sometimes induce. They found that the brain structures activated are the same regions linked to other euphoric stimuli, such as food, sex and drugs.
2001年,一项麦吉尔大学一项实验用脑部扫描来研究兴奋的中枢神经结构,一些伟大的音乐就是在这里被激发出来的。他们发现激活的大脑结构同与食物、性、药物等其他刺激引起的愉悦情绪在同一个区域。
Blood flow in the brain rises and falls to swells of music in areas associated with reward, emotion and arousal.
随着音乐带来的回馈、情感以及激励这些元素的放大,血液也在大脑中彭湃涌流.
As stimulation for food and sex are important for a organism's survival, the fact that similar neural activity is observed in responses to features in music suggests that there could be some evolutionary advantage to the ability to hear—or hum—a good tune.
正像食色对一个有机体生存的重要性一样,中枢神经活动的作用,在音乐对听觉良性进化中中起着非常重要的作用,使人获得更强的听觉—甚至听到哼鸣声,或获得更好的心情。
 

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