| 交流平台/对话载体 | 名人传记 | 品格修炼 | 多样人生 | 群体成长 | 前世今生 | 行稳致远 | 更上一层楼 |
您当前的位置:首页 > 成长轨迹 > 品格修炼

自我控制是未来成功的关键

时间:2011-02-17 18:09:07  来源:  作者:

对孩子来说,自我控制是未来成功的关键
by Nancy Shute,February 14, 2011
南希·舒特,2011年2月14日
Self-control keeps us from eating a whole bag of chips or from running up the credit card. A new study says that self-control makes the difference between getting a good job or going to jail — and we learn it in preschool.
自我控制让我们远离吃掉一整包薯片,或是透支信用卡。一项新的研究表明,自我控制会决定是获得一份好工作,还是进入监狱——而且我们是在上学前学到它的。
"Children who had the greatest self-control in primary school and preschool ages were most likely to have fewer health problems when they reached their 30s," says Terrie Moffitt, a professor of psychology at Duke University and King's College London.
“那些在小学前和小学时拥有最出色自我控制力的人,在他们30岁的时候最有可能远离健康问题。”杜克大学和伦敦国王学院的教授特瑞·墨菲特说。
Moffitt and a team of researchers studied a group of 1,000 people born in New Zealand in 1972 and 1973, tracking them from birth to age 32. The new study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, is the best evidence yet on the payoff for learning self-discipline early on.
墨菲特与一支研究员团队研究了1000名在1972至1973年间在新西兰出生的人,跟踪记录他们从出生到32岁的情况。这一新的研究发表在美国国家科学院院刊,是早期学习自律的效果的最好例证。
The researchers define self-control as having skills like conscientiousness, self-discipline and perseverance, as well as being able to consider the consequences of actions in making decisions.
研究者们将自我控制定义为具有凭良心办事、自律和毅力等技能,同时能够考虑到作出行动的决定导致的后果。
The children who struggled with self-control as preschoolers were three times as likely to have problems as young adults. They were more prone to have a criminal record; more likely to be poor or have financial problems; and they were more likely to be single parents.
那些在学龄前难以自控的孩子在成年后遇到问题的概率是自控强的孩子的三倍。他们更倾向于犯罪,更有可能贫穷或是出现经济问题,也更有可能成为单身父母。
This study doesn't prove that the lack of self-control in childhood caused these problems, but the large size of the study, and the fact that it followed one group of people over many years, makes a good case for an effect.
这一研究并没有证明是童年时自我控制的缺失导致这些问题,但是研究的样本众多,调查人员跟踪一组人多年,能够为这种影响提供一个很好的例子。
Teaching Control
控制教学
Economists and public health officials want to know whether teaching self-control could improve a population's physical and financial health and reduce crime. Three factors appear to be key to a person's success in life: intelligence, family's socioeconomic status and self-control. Moffitt's study found that self-control predicted adult success, even after accounting for the participants' differences in social status and IQ.
经济学家和公共健康官员们想知道,教授自我控制是否能使一个群体的身体与经济健康得到改善,减少犯罪。一个人的成功有三个因素:智慧、家庭的社会经济地位和自我控制能力。莫非特的研究发现,自我控制可以预测一个人成年后的做为,即使考虑到参与者在社会地位和智商上的差异。

IQ and social status are hard to change. But Moffitt says there is evidence that self-control can be learned.
智商与社会地位很难改变,但是墨菲特说有证据表明自控是可学的。

"Identical twins are not identical on self-control," she says. "That tells us that it is something they have learned, not something they have inherited."
“一样的双胞胎自控能力并不相同,”她说。“这告诉我们,自控是他们学习而来的,并不是天生的。”
Teaching self-control has become a big focus for early childhood education. At the Clara Barton Center for Children in Cabin John, Md., it starts with expecting a 4-year-old to hang up her coat without being asked.
教授自我控制已经成为早期教育的重中之重。在Cabin John, Md.的克拉拉·巴顿儿童中心,对一位4岁的孩子的首要要求就是在没有人要求的情况下挂好自己的外套。
Director Linda Owen says the children are expected to be responsible for a series of actions when they arrive at school each morning, without help from Mom and Dad. The children sign in, put away their lunches, hang up their own clothes, wash their hands before they can play, and then choose activities in the classroom.
琳达·欧文总监期望孩子们要求在没有父母的帮助的情况下,对他们每天到校后的一系列行动负责。孩子们签到,放好午餐,挂好衣服,在玩之前洗好手,之后选择参加教室里的活动。
"All those things help with self-management," Owen says.
“所有的事都通过自我管理实现,”欧文说。
Mediating Conflict
调节冲突
Of course, not all 4-year-olds are ready to manage that, so the classroom is loaded with cues and clues to help the preschoolers make their own decisions and be responsible.

来顶一下
返回首页
返回首页
发表评论 共有条评论
用户名: 密码:
验证码: 匿名发表
推荐资讯
相关文章
栏目更新
栏目热门